Education in Germany
Education in Germany is compulsory for nine years. It is generally free from primary school to university. In Germany there are different types of educational systems in schools and universities, with each having their own individual programme. As with other European countries, there is an opportunity to choose where to send your child – to a state school or private. The same applies to universities. There are several reasons for choosing a private institution over a state institution. Firstly, state universities only lecture in German, but in private schools there could be several language options. In Germany many international and multilingual schools have been established. Secondly, private schools have a huge variety of extracurricular activities. Thirdly, private schools are more recognisable and offer internationally accepted and rated education.
The core system is the same as other european countries, ie. are nurseries and kindergardens, primary and secondary schools and a 3-tier education system. The difference is that after primary school a child can choose one of 3 types of secondary education, which are:
- Hauptschule (until 10th grade), which prepares pupils for vocational education;
- Realschule (until 10th grade), which offers educational programmes for those who take an appenticeship in a commercial trade or medical profession.
- Gymnasium (until 12th or 13th grade), which prepares students for higher education.